The discovery of wine, centuries ago, empowered it to be a part of the advancement of human civilization. During those times, winemakers started noticing positive effect of adding wine to the human diet and medicine slowly rose.
Since the early years of winemaking, healers started noticing medicinal effect of wine.
Records found at archeological sites confirmed existence of several wine based medicines, which might make wine the first man-made medicine. Greeks physician Hippocrates was the first to introduce the concept of “diet”, in which wine made was an integral element.
Wines were used as a disinfectant, cure for diarrhea, lethargy, and pain reliever. As the Roman Catholic priests took over the production of wine in the dark and middle Ages, they often recommended wine as a general medicine.
Interest in beneficial effects of wine consumption returned in the 1990s. One of the defining moments for that was 1991s US news program “60 Minutes” which described the effect of “French Paradox”, and the low occurrences of heart diseases and lower mortality rates in French population. Although neighboring countries had similar high fat/high dairy diets, better health status in France was attributed to the moderate use of red wine. Following that program, sales of red wine jumped 44% in the US.
Moderate consumption is key for enabling all the beneficial effect of wine. Moderate amount is not same for every individual, and it varies with accordance to weight and body stature, age, gender, genetics, and the food diet that accompanies wine. What is generally accepted as the moderate consumption amount is 5-US-fluid-ounce (150 ml) glass of wine per day for women and two glasses per day for men.
Positive aspects of moderate wine consumption
• Reduced coronary heart diseases – One of the most apparent effects of wine on bloodstream is their alteration of blood lipid levels -it lowers total cholesterol count and raises the density of lipoprotein (HDL).
• Reduced risk of death from nearly all causes.
• Adjustments of harmful smoking effects – Moderate use of wine causes reparation of the harmfully effects of smoking, in blood vessels and the heart.
• Bolster of the immune system – Studies confirmed that consumption of red wine does not suppress the efficiency of immune system like some other alcoholic beverages.
• Polyphenols – Presence of tannin in wine has a great positive effect on the body. It increases antioxidants, reduces blood pressure, lessens risk of cancer and can stimulate the immune system.
• Prevention of Stroke – Resveratrol, naturally occurring antioxidant, maintains the health of blood vessels. Decreasing the stickiness of blood platelets and helps blood vessels to be open and flexible.
• Anti-bacterial activity – Moderate consumers of wine have much higher chances of fighting bacteria in their bodies. Wine drinkers who consumed one glass of wine per day had 7% less bacteria, and those who drank 3 glasses had 1/3 less.
• Kidney stones – Moderate drinking of red wine reduces the risk of kidney stone formation.
• Alzheimer’s disease – Moderate intake of wine decreases chances of Alzheimer’s, mostly contributed to resveratrol.
• Decreased ovarian cancer risk in women.
• Stronger bones (only with moderate use).
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