Wine & Longevity

Half a glass of wine a day can add five years to your life

Light long term consumption of all types - up to two glasses of beer or wine a day or two shots of spirits - extended life by around two extra years compared with abstention.
A 40-year study of almost 1,400 men found drinking a little alcohol regularly boosted longevity - with the biggest increase caused by wine.
Light long-term consumption of all types - up to two glasses of beer or wine a day or two shots of spirits - extended life by around two extra years compared with abstention.
The benefit was slightly less for those who drank more than this, according to the findings published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
Men who drank only wine, and just under half a glass of it a day, lived around two-and-a-half years longer than those who drank beer and spirits - and almost five years longer than those who drank no alcohol at all.
The researchers said drinking wine was strongly associated with a lower risk of dying from heart disease, stroke and death from all causes.

Human nutritionist Dr Martinette Streppel, of Wageningen University in the Netherlands, said: "Those people who already consume alcoholic beverages should do so lightly - one to two glasses per day - and preferably drink wine.
"The cardio-protective effects of alcohol and wine only held up for light alcohol consumption in middle-aged men.
"Heavy alcohol consumption may cause accidents and diseases such as cancer and cirrhosis of the liver, even though this was not observed in our study.
"Since alcohol consumption can be addictive, starting to drink alcohol because of its positive health benefits is not advised."
Previous research has shown light to moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular death.
It remained unclear whether a specific beverage was linked with more benefit and whether the use of long-term alcohol consumption increased life expectancy.
So Dr Streppel and colleagues studied 1,373 Dutch men born between 1900 and 1920 who were surveyed in detail about alcohol consumption seven times over four decades, following them until death or until the final survey taken among survivors in 2000.
Drinking, smoking and dietary habits were analysed along with body mass index and the prevalence of heart attack, stroke, diabetes and cancer.
The researchers found alcohol intake of less than or equal to 20 grams per day - one glass of alcoholic beverage contains 10 grams of alcohol - compared to no alcohol intake was associated with a 36 percent lower risk of death from all causes.
When the researchers looked independently at wine consumption, the associated risk reduction was greater. Participants who drank an average of half a glass of wine a day over a long period had a 40 percent overall lower mortality rate and a 48 percent lower incidence of cardiovascular death compared to the non-wine drinkers.
Life expectancy was 3.8 years higher in those men who drank wine compared to those who did not drink alcoholic beverages.
Dr Streppel said: "Consumption patterns usually change during life. This enabled us to study the effects of long-term alcohol intake on mortality."
The researchers found the number of alcohol users nearly doubled from 45 percent in 1960 to 85 percent in the 2000 survey. The percentage of wine users increased during follow-up from 2 percent in 1960 to more than 40 percent among the survivors in 2000. Dr Streppel said a protective effect of light alcohol intake could be due to an increase in 'good' cholesterol, or to a reduction in blood clotting.
Furthermore, red wine consumption may have an additional health benefit because the polyphenolic compounds contained in wine have been seen in animals to stop the build up of fatty tissue in the arteries that can result in stroke or heart attack.
Dr Streppel said: "Our study showed long-term, light alcohol intake among middle-aged men was associated not only with lower cardiovascular and all-cause death risk, but also with longer life expectancy at age fifty.
"Furthermore, long-term light wine consumption is associated with a further protective effect when compared to that of light-to-moderate alcohol intake of other types."

Wine and Men’s Fitness

Top Five reasons men should drink wine

1. It’s good for your sex life
An Italian study showed that women who drank more than two glasses on a daily basis had a higher sex drive than women who did not drink wine, while another study showed that men who drank wine had higher levels of testosterone than men who did not drink wine, which is linked to having a high sex drive.
~ In sum, red wine makes people horny.
2. It might prevent you from becoming very obese
We can't be certain about this one, however a study of 19,220 women and men in the US found that those who drank red wine were less likely to be obese. Think about the last time you saw a fat Frenchman.


3. It can lower your risk of diabetes
Red wine and chocolate (great combination) contain plant compounds called flavonoids – compounds that do all sorts of good things for you. Researchers found that one of those good things was that they lowered insulin resistance. And that’s excellent, because high insulin resistance is linked to type 2 diabetes.


4. It prevents memory loss
Many Scientists have said the antioxidant resveratrol, which is found in the skin of red grapes, helps age-related memory decline. They found that rats given the antioxidant had better blood flow, memory and brain growth.
5. It could help prevent depression
Don't have to be a genius to know that wine makes us happier.
A study of 5,505 participants showed that "moderate alcohol intake" was strongly associated with a lower risk of depression.

Read more > Metro.co


Red Wine: Rich in Health Benefits

Doctors from around the world have linked significant health benefits to drinking red wine.
Red Wine consumed in moderation, contains substances that benefit the heart, the nervous system, and it may even offer some cancer protection.
Red wine is good for a man's health in a number of ways, it contains antioxidants, that protect your cells against damage caused by free radicals, or unstable molecules.
The benefits from red wine are the same for men and women, but men can drink more because of their larger body mass — for a man one or two 4-ounce glasses of wine per day — women should consume only one glass per day. Flavonoids are antioxidant compounds found in plants. In red wine, they are found in the skin of the grape that produces the dark red color of the wine.
Resveratrol is a compound produced by plants to help them ward off fungal infections and many other diseases. It belongs to the class of antioxidants known as polyphenols.
Reduction in heart disease. Flavonoids in red wine can decrease the amount of "bad" cholesterol in your bloodstream and also can increase "good" cholesterol. Flavonoids and resveratrol also prevent platelets from sticking together, this process can prevent heart attacks or stroke.
Protection against cancer. Resveratrol has been shown to reduce tumor incidence and inhibit growth of cancer cells in the laboratory. Studies have begun to directly link red wine consumption to reduction of cancer risk in humans. For example, research has shown that a glass of red wine a day can cut a man's risk of prostate cancer in half, particularly when it comes to the most aggressive types of prostate cancer. Drinking larger amounts can have the exact opposite effect, so drink in moderation.
Protection against neurological disorders. Researchers have found that resveratrol appear to help block the formation of amyloid plaques thought to damage brain cells and contribute to Alzheimer's disease. Resveratrol can actually aid in the formation of new nerve cells, which could help prevent disorders like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
Other health benefits. Studies continue to find ways in which the antioxidant effects of red wine benefit the body. For example, studies have found that red wine cuts down the inflammation and tissue damage caused by periodontal, disease. So drinking red wine might actually help your dental health.
Cabernet Sauvignon contains the most antioxidants, followed by Petite Sirah and Pinot Noir. Merlots and Red Zinfandels have less antioxidants than other red wines.

Reds, Rich in Antioxidants

Antioxidants keep free radicals from destroying the body's cells and contributing to destructive processes inside the body. Flavonoids and resveratrol are the main types of antioxidants found in red wine:


The 4 Healthiest Wines in Existence

What makes red wine red? Those warm hues come from the Grape skins that remain in the tank as the wine ferments are responsible for the red color of wine. These skins provide resveratrol, an antioxidant that reduces heart inflammation. Keep in mind that some reds have more antioxidants than others.

Anthocyanins are responsible for the red color; darker red wines contain higher amounts. Choose a Cabernet Sauvignon, the darkest of all red wines and pair it with a Roast or Italian pasta with meat balls.
Tannic wines "have high levels of antioxidants overall, you can recognize tannins by the astringent sensation that makes your mouth dry and sticky. Select a petite sirah for rich antioxidant qualities and pair this wine with a Barbecued Chicken.
Grapes produce more antioxidants when exposed to UV light. Washington State wines are a good example of wines grown in vineyards with long hot summer days and extended growing seasons. In the summer the farther from the equator, the more daylight hours you have. Try a Washington State Syrah, from Columbia Valley, A dark, wine with abundant blueberries, blackberries, a bit of earthiness, and a touch of game and chocolate. Serve with a roasted pheasant or casual night of pizza.
Mountain wines grow in harsh conditions so they produce fewer grapes. They need more protection for each grape to ensure their survival, which translates to thicker skins. Hence more antioxidants. More antioxidants make the grapes very tannic and less appetizing for predators, increasing their chance of survival.
These wines tend to have a more mineral taste, as opposed to the big, bold wines from vineyards on flat terrains. These earthy, subtle wines are very successful when paired with pork.


Read more: Every day health


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